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Urology & Nephrology

Urology & Nephology clinic in trichy

Urology

Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive tract. Some urologists treat general diseases of the urinary tract. Others specialize in a particular type of urology, such as:

  • female urology, which focuses on conditions of a woman’s reproductive and urinary tract
  • male infertility, which focuses on problems that prevent a man from conceiving a baby with his partner
  • neurourology, which focuses on urinary problems due to conditions of the nervous system
  • pediatric urology, which focuses on urinary problems in children
  • urologic oncology, which focuses on cancers of the urinary system, including the bladder, kidneys, prostate, and testicles

Nephrology

A nephrologist is a medical doctor who specializes in kidney care and treating diseases of the kidneys. Nephrologists are educated in internal medicine and then undergo more training to specialize in treating patients with kidney diseases. They commonly treat chronic kidney disease (CKD), polycystic kidney disease (PKD), acute renal failure, kidney stones and high blood pressure and are educated on all aspects of kidney transplantation and dialysis.

Diseases under the branch of Nephrology

Nephrology deals with study of the normal working of the kidneys as well as its diseases. The diseases that come under the scope of nephrology include:-

  • Glomerular disorders that affect the tiny filtering systems of the kidneys called the glomerulus
  • Urine abnormalities such as excess excretion of protein, sugar, blood, casts, crystals etc
  • Tubulointerstitial diseases affecting the tubules in the kidneys
  • Renal vascular diseases affecting the blood vessel networks within the kidneys